Traumatic brain injury (TBI) usually results from an external physical insult to the brain caused by a violent blow or jolt to the head or body. An object that penetrates brain tissue, such as a bullet or shattered piece of skull, also can cause traumatic brain injury.

You can think of the brain as having the consistency of jello surrounded by a bony container with sharp edges.  When one takes a hit to the head the brain bounces against the boney protruding surface of the skull and both sides of the brain are injured.

TBI’s are usually associated with a diminished or altered state of consciousness.  They can lead to permanent or temporary impairment of cognitive, physical, and psychosocial functions.  Mild traumatic brain injury may result in temporary problems. More serious TBI’s can result in long-term complications caused by bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain.  

A brain map determines the area(s) of the brain that has been damaged by the TBI.  TMS can then help change the functioning of the cells at those specific areas bringing the brain back to a healthier state.